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Protected Areas

Protected areas are the cornerstones of conservation; they are the places where the full functioning of ecological processes is allowed to occur, with benefits that spill out into the surrounding seascapes, landscapes and communities. But protected areas are under constant pressure to demonstrate their economic value and have thus suffered reductions in area and levels of protection. Conservation can be accomplished by showing the affordability and substantial benefits of protected areas. CSF’s Protected Areas program provides training for park managers, advocates and inhabitants, as well as economic analyses including revenue strategies, financing plans, economic valuation, and economic impact analyses to support the effective design and use of parks and reserves. CSF envisions a world where policy-makers understand the value of protecting the planet’s most biodiverse marine and terrestrial ecosystems, a world in which protected areas are well-funded, well-managed, used by the public, and expanding.

Economic Tools for Protected Area Tourism in Brazil

In early August, CSF and the Chico Mendes Institute for Conservation of Biodiversity (ICMBio), in partnership with the United States Forest Service (USFS), held a four day training on Economic and Financial Feasibility of Supporting Services for Visitation of Conservation Units (Unidades de Conservação - UCs) at the Biodiversity National Academy (ACADEBio), in Iperó, Brazil.

CSF curso ACADEBioCourse participants and instructors.

A Trip to Salgado Paraense, the World’s Largest Continuous Mangrove

CSF GEF Mangues Pará
Scarlet ibis (Eudocimus ruber) in a mangrove tree

In May 2016, staff from the CSF Brazil team travelled to the Salgado Paraense region, located on the northern coast of the state of Pará.  Their goal was to collect important information as part of our project on the sustainability of mangrove ecosystems. This project seeks to sensitize the government and society to the benefits these ecosystems provide, and make recommendations about economic instruments that could be used to promote financial sustainability of protected areas.

Examining park fees in Tanzania

Last year, CSF collaborated with Tanzania National Parks(TANAPA) on an analysis to help the country set its park entrance fees. The study looked at the relationship between expected visitation and entrance fee levels, and found that price sensitivity varies widely by park. The study’s recommendations considered these differences, as well as visitors’ perceptions about a range of issues related to fees, management decisions, and park conditions. Implementation of the study’s recommendations would generate a predicted 25% increase in revenues – providing much needed funds for park management – without negatively effecting visitation.

Tourists' Willingness to Pay to Visit Tanzania's National Parks: A Contingent Valuation Study

Series number: 
9

Benefits of Brazilian mangroves

mangroves Brazil ecosystem services conservation economics

Brazilian mangroves. Photo credit: Freya Fennwood .

Mangroves are a key ecosystem contributing to biodiversity and flood protection on a local and regional level. Unfortunately most people are unaware of the ecosystem services provided by mangroves. As a result, overfishing and pollution threaten this critical habitat.

Economic instruments for ecosystem services conservation in mangroves located in federal protected areas

In 2015, CSF started a project within the scope of GEF Mangroves Program, in collaboration with FUNBIO (Brazilian Fund for Biodiversity) regarding the management of mangroves ecosystem services.

Around 90% of mangrove ecosystems in Brazil are located in protected areas. However, there are important deficiencies in terms of financial sustainability and resource management in these areas that affect natural capital stocks and biodiversity.

Therefore, we seek to study how different economic instrument designs may influence ecosystem services provision in mangroves. In order to do that we will:

1) Identify and prioritize ecosystem services provided by mangroves;
2) Assess the main ecosystem services values provided by mangroves in Brazil;

Donor Spotlight: Jon Mellberg

conservation economics CSF strategy fund donor spotlight john mellberg

For this month's Donor Spotlight series, I sat down with Jon Mellberg, a Bay Area-based contributor who has supported CSF's videos on economic valuation, part of our popular animated video series. He recently spent some time with me to discuss his background, why he supports CSF and even the best way to calculate the economic value of an elephant!

Aja: Can you tell me a little about your career to date?

Land, tourism and taxes: An evaluation of tourism income in Sonoma County

With support from the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, Conservation Strategy Fund is evaluating the benefits of tourism in Sonoma County, California; specifically tourist behavior and tourism-related income in the context of scenic beauty and open space. With 7.5 million tourists per year, Sonoma County's economy thrives due in part to the contribution of tourists who visit for many reasons, including the area's rolling hills and panoramic vistas. 

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