Conservation Strategy Fund helps local conservationists use economic tools to find smart, efficient solutions to the most urgent environmental problems. Since its creation in 1998, CSF has conducted dozens of analysis projects in forests, rivers and coastal environments. Most of our work has focused in the tropics, where extraordinarily high levels of biological diversity are found. To maximize the reach and quality of our work, we involve leading experts and conservation organizations in all of our projects.

smart energy + transportation infrastructure

Infrastructure investments in remote areas can transform landscapes and watersheds, unleashing irreversible, destructive change. Projects' impacts vary considerably and their approval is dependent on small groups of public decision-makers. Investments, especially remote roads, are often economically inefficient and usually have unnecessarily large environmental and social impacts. These characteristics - variable quality, concentrated decision-making, economic flaws and design shortcomings - add up to a big conservation opportunity, one in which good economic analyses can be influential. CSF's Smart Energy + Transportation Infrastructure program provides training to conservationists and decision-makers, as well as comprehensive cost-benefit analyses of infrastructure projects, such as dams and roads. Keen understanding of these projects at multiple levels of society will result in better decisions and large-scale conservation gains.

Quantifying the economic value of protected areas in Mexico

CSF has begun work with Mexico’s National Commission for Protected Areas (CONANP) and the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ) to assess the economic value of the ecosystem services provided by the country's Cabo Pulmo National Park, Iztaccíhuatl-Popocatépetl National Park (Izta-Popo for short), Cozumel Reefs National Park, and Cozumel Island Flora and Fauna Protected Area.

Land, tourism and taxes: An evaluation of tourism income in Sonoma County

With support from the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, Conservation Strategy Fund is evaluating the benefits of tourism in Sonoma County, California; specifically tourist behavior and tourism-related income in the context of scenic beauty and open space. With 7.5 million tourists per year, Sonoma County's economy thrives due in part to the contribution of tourists who visit for many reasons, including the area's rolling hills and panoramic vistas. 

Economic Valuation of Taylor Mountain Regional Park and Open Space

In collaboration with Sonoma State University and with support from the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, Conservation Strategy Fund is conducting an economic valuation of multiple ecosystem services provided by large urban open space, focusing on Taylor Mountain Regional Park and Open Space area in Southeastern Santa Rosa, located in Sonoma County, California.

CSF Conservation Strategy Fund California Sonoma Coast abalone fishing

Economic value and impact of recreational abalone fishing

Abalone is one of the iconic species of the California coast and supports a recreational fishery enjoyed by over 30,000 anglers annually. Because of the abalone’s reproductive processes and lengthy juvenile period, overexploitation and other detrimental factors can have a long-lasting and potentially catastrophic impact on the population. The numbers of abalone on the coast of California have been declining in recent decades and, as a result, only red abalone may be fished recreationally and only north of the San Francisco Bay. In 2011 the red abalone of Sonoma and Marin Counties suffered from a red tide, an algal bloom that decimated the population.

COMSERBO Pando Bolivia CSF

Interés y preferencias de los usuarios del bosque para participar en el Programa COMSERBO-Pando

El Programa Conservación y Manejo Sostenible Estratégico del Recurso Bosque en Pando (COMSERBO-Pando) surge como un mecanismo de incentivos orientado a disminuir las amenazas de deforestación en la región amazónica de Bolivia, además de contribuir al manejo sustentable del bosque y mejorar las condiciones de vida de las familias. Este Programa promueve el manejo integral del bosque a través de la generación de acuerdos voluntarios entre usuarios del bosque y el Estado Boliviano. Es una iniciativa del gobierno departamental de Pando y está enmarcada en la política boliviana sobre bosques y cambio climático. Se trata de un mecanismo de asistencia técnica y financiera que incentive a los usuarios del bosque a hacer un manejo integral y sustentable de ese recurso.

Corredeiras de Sao Luis do Tapajos para Brasil

Ecosystem Services and their value for local people in the context of the construction of the Hydroelectric Power Plant "São Luiz do Tapajós" in the Tapajós river basin, Pará, Brazil (BUILD Project)

In 2015, CSF brings a BUILD Project to Brazil though an analysis of the values of the Ecosystem Services (ES) provided by the Tapajós River basin, in the state of Pará.

The Tapajós River basin provides many ES to the society, at both local and global levels:

1) Food, such as fish for example, to the local community;
2) Important scenic beauty and recreational options for the local and regional community;
3) CO2 storage for the global community.

The dam construction in the region may endanger some of these services. How to evaluate the losses of the ES? How will these losses influence the life of the local population and the quality of the environment, thus impacting the lives of all?

tanzania park elephant economics conservation

The economics of parks

Tanzania’s system of 16 national parks includes some of the most famous natural places on earth such as Serengeti and Kilamanjaro, as well as many lesser-known areas that are equally spectacular. The park system is managed by Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA), which funds activities solely through revenue generated from tourism; it does not receive any government funds. With tourism currently Tanzania’s second largest contributor to gross domestic product (GDP), effective management of the parks system is vital for both wildlife and the country’s economy.

Shansho peru madre de dios jungle amazon environmental compensation

Protected areas as long-term ecological compensation sites within Peru's evolving policy

In December 2014 Peru's Ministry of the Environment made a major policy announcement in a ministerial resolution that established guidelines for developers to offset the impacts of their projects. The policy was several years in the making and the product of exhaustive analysis on the part of ministry staff and important policy support from CSF and several other organizations, including the Peruvian Society for Environmental Law, The Nature Conservancy and the Wildlife Conservation Society.

Fishing boat Jamaica Goat Islands port China Harbour Engineering Company

An economic comparison of alternatives to building a port on Goat Islands, Jamaica

In 2013, Jamaica’s Ministry of Transport, Works and Housing announced that the China Harbour Engineering Company (CHEC) had selected the area on and around the Goat Islands to build a major transhipment port and accompanying industrial complex. Due to the location of the proposed site in the core of the Portland Bight Protected Area, reactions have been heated.

Understanding the farm-level economics of Rainforest Alliance certification

CSF is working with the Rainforest Alliance (RA) to design and carry out research on the costs and benefits to farmers of RA certification. The Rainforest Alliance works to conserve biodiversity and improve livelihoods by promoting and evaluating the implementation of globally respected sustainability standards in a variety of fields. These include cocoa, coffee, and tea, among the most important crops grown in biologically important regions. RA certifies a major portion of global supply of some of these crops, including more than 130,000 cocoa farms in 11 countries.

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