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Analysis

Conservation Strategy Fund helps local conservationists use economic tools to find smart, efficient solutions to the most urgent environmental problems. Since its creation in 1998, CSF has conducted dozens of analysis projects in forests, rivers and coastal environments. Most of our work has focused in the tropics, where extraordinarily high levels of biological diversity are found. To maximize the reach and quality of our work, we involve leading experts and conservation organizations in all of our projects.

Multiplier Effects of Tourism Spending in Peru’s National Parks

Photo: Liz Bailón, Paracas National Reserve

With support from the Andes Amazon Fund, CSF is conducting an analysis on multiplier effects of tourism spending in Peru’s national parks. Peru has created eleven national parks and numerous other protected areas in its Andes Amazon region covering approximately 18 million hectares. While efforts are currently under way to address existing funding gaps, the long term financial sustainability of Peru’s protected areas requires a substantial, long-term increase in allocation of public funds. Furthermore, Peru’s biological importance justifies expansion of the existing protected area system in the Andes Amazon, further increasing funding required.

Strengthening the Brazil Nut Value Chain: Economic Feasibility Study of the Implementation of a New Cooperation Network in Amazonas State

CSF is doing an economic feasibility analysis of the implementation of the Agro-extractivist Cooperatives and Associations Network of the State of Amazonas (RECABAAM) to help improve the Brazil nut value chain.

Traditional peoples and communities' agro-extrativist associations and cooperatives in Protected Areas in the Brazilian state of Amazonas face several challenges. These are mainly related to their businesses' management and the commercialization of their products, such as the Brazil nut, pirarucu fish and fruits, among others.

Water Services and Protected Areas in Peru

Similar to other national protected areas' systems across the world, Peru’s national parks are underfunded. SERNANP, the national protected areas agency, is currently evaluating the funding needs of the national parks under its responsibility, to prepare a plan to address this gap. The Project Finance for Permanence initiative (or Patrimonio del Peru–PdP, as known locally) is based on similar experiences in Brazil and Costa Rica, where governments and donors agree to provide funding to permanently support the financial needs of the protected areas, while contributions are conditional to compliance with commitments to achieve protection goals and increase public funding for protected areas, within an agreed period of time.

Cost Benefit Analysis Guide for the Creation of Protected Areas in Peru

With generous support from the Andes Amazon Fund, CSF completed a cost-benefit analysis of the proposed Yaguas National Park in northeastern Peru for SERNANP, Peru’s national protected areas agency. Located in a remote part of the Amazon basin, the park will extend over 800,000 hectares.

Quantifying the economic value of protected areas in Mexico

CSF has begun work with Mexico’s National Commission for Protected Areas (CONANP) and the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ) to assess the economic value of the ecosystem services provided by the country's Cabo Pulmo National Park, Iztaccíhuatl-Popocatépetl National Park (Izta-Popo for short), Cozumel Reefs National Park, and Cozumel Island Flora and Fauna Protected Area.

Economic instruments for ecosystem services conservation in mangroves located in federal protected areas

In 2015, CSF started a project within the scope of GEF Mangroves Program, in collaboration with FUNBIO (Brazilian Fund for Biodiversity) regarding the management of mangroves ecosystem services.

Around 90% of mangrove ecosystems in Brazil are located in protected areas. However, there are important deficiencies in terms of financial sustainability and resource management in these areas that affect natural capital stocks and biodiversity.

Therefore, we seek to study how different economic instrument designs may influence ecosystem services provision in mangroves. In order to do that we will:

1) Identify and prioritize ecosystem services provided by mangroves;
2) Assess the main ecosystem services values provided by mangroves in Brazil;

Land, tourism and taxes: An evaluation of tourism income in Sonoma County

With support from the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, Conservation Strategy Fund is evaluating the benefits of tourism in Sonoma County, California; specifically tourist behavior and tourism-related income in the context of scenic beauty and open space. With 7.5 million tourists per year, Sonoma County's economy thrives due in part to the contribution of tourists who visit for many reasons, including the area's rolling hills and panoramic vistas. 

Economic Valuation of Taylor Mountain Regional Park and Open Space

In collaboration with Sonoma State University and with support from the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, Conservation Strategy Fund is conducting an economic valuation of multiple ecosystem services provided by large urban open space, focusing on Taylor Mountain Regional Park and Open Space area in Southeastern Santa Rosa, located in Sonoma County, California.

tanzania park elephant economics conservation

Demand for visits to Tanzania's national parks

Tanzania’s system of 16 national parks includes some of the most famous natural places on earth such as Serengeti and Kilamanjaro, as well as many lesser-known areas that are equally spectacular. The park system is managed by Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA), which funds activities solely through revenue generated from tourism; it does not receive any government funds. With tourism currently Tanzania’s second largest contributor to gross domestic product (GDP), effective management of the parks system is vital for both wildlife and the country’s economy.

Fishing boat Jamaica Goat Islands port China Harbour Engineering Company

An economic comparison of alternatives to building a port on Goat Islands, Jamaica

In 2013, Jamaica’s Ministry of Transport, Works and Housing announced that the China Harbour Engineering Company (CHEC) had selected the area on and around the Goat Islands to build a major transhipment port and accompanying industrial complex. Due to the location of the proposed site in the core of the Portland Bight Protected Area, reactions have been heated.